Maurice Brianchon was a French painter, born 11 January 1899 in Fresnay-sur-Sarthe and died 1 March 1979 in Paris.
In 1917, Maurice Brianchon entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris in the workshop of Fernand Cormon, and in 1918, left this school to follow at the National School of Decorative Arts courses of Eugene Island Morand, (1853-1930) who taught since 1908. There he met Roland Oudot, Raymond Legueult, Joseph Inguimberty, François Desnoyers, Jacques Adnet and Kostya Terechkovitch. He exhibited for the first time at the Salon d'Automne in 1919. A trip to Belgium and the Netherlands introduced him to the Flemish and Dutch painters through the museums he visited Brussels, Antwerp, Bruges and Amsterdam. This is the time when he reread the Old Masters of Eugene Fromentin. He left the decorative arts.
In 1922 he became a member of the committee Autumn Salon and took up with his friend Raymond Legueult a workshop avenue du Maine in Paris. Jacques Rouche, director of the Paris Opera, asked him to create the costumes for the ballet Griselidis the first of which will take place on 29 November 1922. In 1924, he received the Blumenthal prize and a scholarship from the School of Decorative Arts that allowed him to do in the company of Legueult, a trip to Spain where they discovered at the Prado masters of Spanish painting they admired: Diego Velázquez, Goya, El Greco.
It was always in the company of Legueult that he made the sets for The Birth of Lyra at the Paris Opera in 1925, the first of which took place in July of 1925 . He was appointed professor of drawing at the Ecole Estienne in Paris in October of the same year. In June of 1934 He married the artist Marguerite Louppe he became acquainted with the Julian Academy and to the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, and participated in the Venice Biennale with six canvases.
In 1936, he became professor at the National School of Decorative Arts in Paris.